Enzo Vettorato


Consultant in Anaesthesia and Analgesia


  • RCVS and EBVS®Specialist in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
  • Honorary Associate Professor, University of Nottingham

Enzo graduated in 2003 from the Veterinary University of Padua, Italy, where he then completed a PhD on pain management in the dog. He then started a 3 year Residency at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies in Edinburgh, gaining the RCVS Certificate in Veterinary Anaesthesia in 2008. In February 2010, Enzo joined DWR and in December of that year he became a European Specialist in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. Since 2011, he has also been working as a Consultant Anaesthetist at the Newmarket Equine Hospital.  Enzo is a member of the Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists and British College of Veterinary Specialists; and author of several international publications. His main interests are pain management, loco-regional anaesthetic techniques and evaluation of quality of recovery in horses.


De Gennaro C, Vettorato E, Corletto F (2021) Evaluation of bilateral maxillary nerve block in dogs undergoing surgery for brachycephalic obstructive airways syndrome. Canadian Veterinary Journal. [In Press]

Vettorato E, Corletto F (2021) Anaesthesia and Analgesia. In: Fracture in the Horse. Edited by Ian Wright. Wiley-Blackwell, [In Press].

Sambugaro B, De Gennaro C, Vettorato E (2021) Anaesthetic management and complications during cutting balloon and high-pressure balloon dilation in a dog with a double-chambered right ventricle. Veterinary Record Case Reports doi: 10.1002/vrc2.264

Martín Bellido V, Vettorato E (2021) Clinical review of the pharmacological and anaesthetic effects of alfaxalone in dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice doi: 10.1111/jsap.13454. Online ahead of print.

Viilmann I, Kloeppel H, Wringe E, Vettorato E (2021) Success rate and perioperative complications of lumbo-sacral extradural anaesthesia in dogs undergoing total hip replacement: a double centre retrospective study. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1736194. Online ahead of print.

Viilmann I, Vettorato E (2021) Perioperative use of thoracic epidural anaesthesia, dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulphate infusion in a dog undergoing neuroendocrine tumour resection. Veterinary Record Case Reports. https://doi.org/10.1002/vrc2.177

Foreman M, Vettorato E, Caine A, Monti P, Cherubini GB, Eminaga S. (2021) Serum C-Reactive protein in dogs with paraplegia secondary to acute intervertebral disc extrusion. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 35, 1857-1864.

Vettorato E (2021) Persistent hypotension resolved by neostigmine administration in a dog in which atracurium was used. Veterinary Record Case Reports e59. DOI: 10.1002/vrc2.59.

Bravo VR, Palomba N, Corletto F, Willis R, Vettorato E. (2020) Comparison between intravenous lidocaine and fentanyl on cough reflex and sympathetic response during endotracheal intubation in dogs. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 47, 481-489.

Santoro F, Vettorato E, Grados FM, Corletto F. (2020) Nociception after extradural injection of sterile distilled water in anaesthetized dogs and cats. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 47, 579-580.

Marquez-Grados F, Vettorato E, Corletto F (2020) Sevoflurane with opioid or dexmedetomidine infusions in dogs undergoing intracranial surgery: a retrospective observational study. Journal of Veterinary Science 21:e8.

Palomba N, Vettorato E, De Gennaro C, Corletto F (2019) Peripheral nerve block versus systemic analgesia in dogs undergoing tibial plateau levelling osteotomy: analgesic efficacy and pharmacoeconomics comparison. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 47, 119-128.

Gardini A, Taeymans O, Cherubini GB, de Stefani A, Targett M, Vettorato E (2019) Linear magnetic resonance imaging measurements of the hippocampal formation differ in young versus old dogs. Veterinary Record 185, 306.

Aprea F,Vettorato E (2019) Epidural steroid and local anaesthetic injection for treating pain caused by coccygeal intervertebral disc protrusion in a dog. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 46, 707-708.

De Strobel F, Paluš V,Vettorato E, Cherubini GB (2019) Cervical hyperaesthesia in dogs: an epidemiological retrospective study of 185 cases. Journal of Small Animal Practice 60, 404-410.

Re Bravo V, Aprea F, Bhalla RJ, De Gennaro C, Cherubini GB, Corletto F,Vettorato E (2019) Effect of 5% transdermal lidocaine patches on postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy. Journal of Small Animal Practice 60, 161-166.

Bini G,Vettorato E, De Gennaro C, Corletto F (2018) A retrospective comparison of two analgesic strategies after uncomplicated tibial plateau levelling osteotomy in dogs. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 45, 557-565.

De Gennaro C,Vettorato E, Corletto F (2018) A case of postanaesthetic recurarisation because of residual atracurium in the intravenous fluid line in a dog. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 45, 397-399.

De Gennaro C,Vettorato E, Corletto F (2017) Severe upper airway obstruction following bilateral ventral bulla osteotomy in a cat. Canadian Veterinary Journal 58, 1313-1316.

Bhalla RJ, Trimble TA, Leece EA,Vettorato E (2018) Comparison of intramuscular butorphanol and buprenorphine combined with dexmedetomidine for sedation in cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 20, 325-331.

Vettorato E, Corletto F (2016) Hiccup-like response in a dog anesthetized with isoflurane. Case Reports Veterinary Medicine. doi: 10.1155/2016/8127496. eCollection 2016.

Vettorato E, Corletto F (2015) Retrospective assessment of peripheral nerve block techniques used in cats undergoing hindlimb orthopaedic surgery. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 18, 826-833.

Burke JG, Vettorato E, Schöffmann G, Clutton RE, Drew TS, Gibson JN (2015) Creation of an ovine model of progressive structural lordo-scoliosis using a unilateral laminar tether. European Spine Journal 24, 1382-1390.

Burke JG, Vettorato E, Schöffmann G, Clutton RE, Drew TS, Gibson JN (2015) Modulation of spinal shape with growth following implantation of a novel surgical implant. European Spine Journal 24, 1522-1532.

De Gennaro C, Vettorato E, Corletto F (2014). Hypobaric spinal anaesthesia in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. Journal Small Animal Practice 55, 497-503.

Okushima S, Vettorato E, Corletto F. (2014) Chronotropic effect of propofol or alfaxalone following fentanyl administration in healthy dogs. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 42, 88-92.

Clutton RE, Vettorato E, Schöeffmann G, Docherty J, Burke J, Gibson AJ (2014) The perioperative care of lambs and ewes when the former undergo major experimental (scoliotic) surgery. Laboratory Animals 48, 27-35.

Vettorato E, De Gennaro G, Okushima S, Corletto F. (2013) Retrospective comparison of two peripheral lumbosacral plexus blocks in dogs undergoing pelvic limb orthopaedic surgery. Journal of Small Animal Practice 54, 630-637.

Vettorato E (2013) Prolonged intravenous infusion of alfaxalone in a cat. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 40, 551-552.

Aprea F, Cherubini GB, Palus V, Vettorato E, Corletto F. (2012) Effect of extradurally administered morphine on postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing surgery for thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 241, 754-759.

Vettorato E, Bradbrook C, Gurney M, Aprea F, Clark L, Corletto F. (2012) Peripheral nerve blocks of the pelvic limb in dogs: a retrospective clinical study. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 25, 314-320.

Vettorato E, Schöffmann G, Burke JG, Gibson AJ, Clutton ER (2012). Clinical effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane in lambs. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 39, 495-502.

Schöffmann G, Vettorato E, Burke JG, Gibson AJ, Clutton ER (2012). The effects of age, isoflurane and sevoflurane on atracurium in lambs. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 39, 256-265.

Aprea F, Vettorato E, Corletto F. (2011) Severe cardiovascular depression in a cat following a mandibular nerve block with bupivacaine. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 38, 614-618.

Vettorato E, Corletto F. (2011) Gabapentin as part of multi-modal analgesia in two cats suffering multiple injuries. Veterinary Anaesthesia Analgesia 38, 518-520.

Vettorato E, Bacco S. (2011) A comparison of the sedative and analgesic properties of pethidine (meperidine) and butorphanol in dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice 52, 426-432.

Vettorato E, Schöeffmann G, Beard P, Clutton RE (2011) Postoperative enterotoxaemia in a lamb undergoing spinal surgery (case report). Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 38, 63-69.

Cagnardi P, Villa P, Zonca A, Gallo M, Beccaglia M, Luvoni GC, Vettorato E, Carli S, Fonda D, Ravasio G (2011) Pharmacokinetics, intraoperative effect and postoperative analgesia of tramadol in cats. Research in Veterinary Sciences 90, 503-509.

Vettorato E, Chase-Topping ME, Clutton RE (2010) Comparison of four methods for scoring recovery from general anaesthesia in horses. Equine Veterinary Journal 42, 400-406.

Vettorato E, Zonca A, Isola M, Villa R, Gallo M, Ravasio G, Beccaglia M, Montesissa C, Cagnardi P (2010) Pharmacokinetics and efficacy of intravenous and extradural tramadol in dogs. Veterinary Journal 183, 310 – 315.

Vettorato E (2007) Pharmacokinetic behaviour and clinical efficacy of tramadol in dog. PhD thesis. University of Padua.

Vettorato E, Cagnardi P, Isola M, Zonca A,Villa R, Montessissa C (2006) Bioavailability of tramadol after epidural administration to dog. J vet Pharmacol Therap 29 (suppl1), 239-301. Presented as poster at the 10th International Congress of the European Association for Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology.

Zotti A, Caldin M, Vettorato E, Ferrari V, Cavicchioli L, Bernardini L (2006) Bone mineral density in two boxer dogs affected by moderate to end-stage chronic renal failure. Vet Res Commun 30 (suppl.1), 337-339. Presented at the 11th National Meeting of the Italian Society of Veterinary Sciences, Lucca, Italy.